Evgenij Poliakov was born in Moscow, and entered the Bolshoi Theatre, where he received his diploma under Maestro Ermalaev, ex-dancer of Kirov Ballet in Leningrad. After having collaborated as lead dancer with the Corps de Ballet of Novosibirsk, he returned to Moscow as a teacher at the Bolshoi Theatre School, where he remained for seven years.
He moved to Italy and began to work as maître de ballet and choreographer at the Teatro La Fenice in Venice where he worked on new productions of Giselle and Francesca da Rimini, and then went to the Teatro Comunale in Florence: for the Maggio Fiorentino Corps de Ballet he created Theme ballets with variations, Andante pomeridiano, Rideau réversible, Computer Valzer, Le baiser de la fée. He also staged the great dance classics such as Giselle (1980): his version, several times reproduced in Florence, included artists like Ghislaine Thesmar, Carla Fracci, Sylvie Guillem, Alessandra Ferri, Florence Clerc, Alexander Godunov, Rudolf Nureyev, Gheorge Jancu, Umberto De Luca, Alen Bottaini in the performances. In the years of his first stay in Florence, he collaborated as a choreographer also with the Collettivo di Danza Contemporanea (Correspondance, Gran cru).
After Florence, he went to Paris to become maître de ballet, after having been invited by Massimo Bogianckino and Rudolf Nureyev at Opéra National de Paris. Once again in Paris he performed at the Ballet du Louvre. In the 1980s Mr. Poliakov also collaborated as principal choreographer with the Balletto di Toscana (Percorsi di una passeggiata, Sintonie). In September 1988 he returned to instruct the Corps de Ballet of the Teatro Musicale Fiorentino (MaggioDanza). For this company he staged, as well as a successful production of the Nutcracker (1983), many times reproduced over the years, numerous other titles such as: La Dame aux camélias, Follia, Cinderella by Prokofiev (December 1991) and Melodrama (June 1992).
In the autumn of 1992 he produced Coppelia for MaggioDanza, with a new stage design by the Spanish Painter Sigfrido Martin Bugué (protagonists Florenc Clerc and Eric Vu-An), receiving great success from the public and critics and Italy and in Spain; in Winter 1993 he reproposed Swan Lake, again with the MaggioDanza and dancers Florence Clerc and Eric Vu-An; in February 1995 he staged La Ronde, inspired by a play written by Schnitzler, with music by Matteo d'Amico (reproposed many times by MaggioDanza in the following years). He collaborated as choreographer also with the Teatro dell'Opera in Rome (Swan Lake, Caracalla 1982) and once again staged classic ballets and his own productions in Vienna, Peking, Wellington (New Zealand), Melbourne, New York, London and Stockholm. In December 1995 he left artistic management of the MaggioDanza and returned to Paris to become maître de ballet in the Opéra National de Paris. He died in the French capital on October 24th, 1996.